Open Science

The term “open science” was firstly coined by economist Paul David (2003) while describing the properties of scientific goods generated by the public sector and in opposition to the perceived extension of intellectual property rights into the area of information goods.

Open Science is the practice of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods. In a nutshell, Open Science is transparent and accessible knowledge that is shared and developed through collaborative networks (Vicente-Sáez & Martínez-Fuentes 2018).

Open Science in one of the three policy priorities of the Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation Moedas and is part of the Digital Single Market (DSM) initiative of the European Commission. The European Commission affirms that: “Open Science represents a new approach to the scientific process based on cooperative work and new ways of diffusing knowledge by using digital technologies and new collaborative tools. The idea captures a systemic change to the way science and research have been carried out for the last fifty years: shifting from the standard practices of publishing research results in scientific publications towards sharing and using all available knowledge at an earlier stage in the research process.

Open Science encompasses a variety of practices, usually including areas like open access to publications, open research data, open source software/tools, open workflows, citizen science, open educational resources, and alternative methods for research evaluation including open peer review (Pontika et al., 2015).  It is enabled by digital technologies, and driven by the enormous growth of data, the globalisation and enlargement of the scientific community including new actors (e.g. citizen science), and the need to address societal challenges. The institutions involved in science are affected (research organisations, research councils, funding bodies), as is the way in which science is disseminated and assessed e.g. the rise of new scientific disciplines, innovative pathways in publishing (among them a substantial rise of open access journals), new scientific reputation systems, and changes in the way the quality and impact of research are evaluated.

In the short term, Open Science may offer more transparency, openness, inclusiveness and networked collaboration. In the long term, it may make science more efficient, reliable and responsive to the grand challenges of our times as well as foster co-creation and Open Innovation. Open Science increases the impact and quality of science and it might also change the assessment of scientific integrity.

Open access to scientific peer reviewed publications has been anchored as an underlying principle in Horizon 2020 and as such is obligatory for any publication which is the result of a Horizon 2020 grant.

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    As part of its on-going commitment to raise uptake of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) – its services, data and software – the "EOSC Future" project is organising a major in-person workshop to train...

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    As part of its series of Hackathons to introduce researchers to the free DICE data management services, a Datathon is being organised by SURF (DICE partner) on the topic of "Privacy and Sensitive Data...

  • Eu-SPRI Annual Conference: Research with Impact

    The Eu-SPRI summer conference is the leading, annual European event on science, technology and innovation (STI) policy, providing a forum for scholars and policymakers in the areas of science, technology...

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  • Working Group on Open Science at RCC

    The Working Group on Open Science (WGOS) aims to promote the adoption of Open Science policies and associated measures in the Western Balkans and Turkey.   The emphasis of its activities is...

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