2023 Enlargement package released by the European Commission

The European Commission annually releases an "Enlargement package" that assesses the progress of economies, including those in the Western Balkans and Turkey, towards EU membership. This assessment focuses on implementing fundamental reforms and provides clear guidance on future reform priorities. Chapters cover various aspects, including democratic institutions, rule of law, economic criteria, intellectual property, and more.

On November 8, the European Commission presented the 2023 Enlargement Package, evaluating the progress of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, Türkiye, Ukraine, Moldova, and Georgia towards EU accession. In its Communication to the European Parliament, the Commission emphasizes that accession remains merit-based, contingent on objective progress achieved by each economy. Recommendations include opening negotiations with Ukraine and Moldova, granting candidate status to Georgia, and initiating accession talks with Bosnia and Herzegovina once the necessary degree of compliance with the membership criteria is achieved.

As specified in the EC press release:

  • Montenegro's EU accession reforms have faced challenges due to political polarization and instability. The EU expects swift progress in demonstrating commitment to EU-related reforms, particularly in rule of law.
  • Serbia continues implementing EU-related reforms, with notable efforts in rule of law and media legislation. Further alignment with EU foreign policy is urged, along with improvements in rule of law and accountability for past incidents.
  • North Macedonia expresses a strategic goal of EU accession and aligns with EU foreign policy. Progress is noted in justice, security, and migration management, though further reforms in various areas are crucial.
  • Albania demonstrates determination in implementing EU reforms, emphasizing alignment with EU foreign policy. Areas like freedom of expression and rule of law require additional attention.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina, having gained candidate status, has made positive strides. However, further reforms in rule of law, judiciary, constitutional, and electoral matters are crucial.
  • Kosovo remains committed to EU integration, aligning with EU foreign policy and enacting legislative reforms. Challenges persist in justice reforms and normalization of relations with Serbia.
  • Türkiye, while a candidate country and key EU partner, has seen accession negotiations stalled since 2018. Increased alignment with EU foreign policy and cooperation in key areas are necessary.A report on EU-Türkiye relations will be submitted in November, aiming for a strategic and forward-looking approach.


Next steps

It is now for the Council to consider today's recommendations of the Commission and take decisions on the steps ahead in the enlargement process.

For more information

Commission's Communication

EC official Press release

For detailed findings and recommendations on each country, see:

AlbaniaMEMOReportCountry factsheet

Bosnia and HerzegovinaMEMOReportCountry factsheet

KosovoMEMOReportCountry factsheet

MontenegroMEMOReportCountry factsheet

North MacedoniaMEMO; ReportCountry factsheet

SerbiaMEMOReportCountry factsheet

Türkiye: MEMO; Report; Country factograph

Geographical focus
  • Albania
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • EC
  • Kosovo*
  • Montenegro
  • Republic of North Macedonia
  • Serbia
  • Western Balkans
Scientifc field / Thematic focus
  • General

Entry created by Admin WBC-RTI.info on November 9, 2023
Modified on December 20, 2023