Blended learning for inclusion : exploring challenges and enabling factors : key messages and illustrative examples

Working group on schools (2021-25) “pathways to school success”

Blended learning - as defined in 2021 Council Recommendation on this subject - is a mix of various learning environments and (non-)digital tools. The Working Group on Schools, one of the Working Groups of the EEA strategic framework, chose to work on “blended learning for inclusion” in 2022. This final report, supported by a factsheet, sets out key messages to guide policy making on inclusive and effective blended learning approaches, illustrated by practical examples that emerged from a series of meetings held throughout 2022.

It is aimed at policy makers and school leaders. Community leaders and teachers will also find the discussion on the aims of blended learning and the specific cases shared to be of interest. Blended learning has gained more urgency in the context of the COVID-19 crisis, and now with the arrival of displaced learners from Ukraine in Member States. Striving towards a vision of a better-quality and inclusive education and training is by no means limited to these disruptive events, but they have highlighted the need for education to be more responsive and resilient.

Key messages for change makers

EU policy makers can support blended learning in formal school education by

  • communicating on how it can support quality and inclusive education
  • supporting continued international peer learning and research on effective blended learning policy and practice

National, regional and/or local policy makers can create conditions for effective blended learning by

  • ensuring that school leaders and teachers have the time and flexibility to innovate
  • sharing research results, pilot projects and good practice examples
  • ensuring that schools have enough money to support the design, implementation and evaluation of blended learning
  • ensuring that school leader and teacher standards, competence frameworks and/or professional profiles reflect the range of skills needed to facilitate effective blended learning
  • encouraging and creating incentives and opportunities for professional learning opportunities on blended learning for school leaders and teachers

School leaders and their teams can help by

  • supporting a culture of collective engagement and responsibility within their school
  • mobilising resources within the school and community
  • encouraging participation in networks


Blended Learning for Inclusion Factsheet


more information

Commission européenne, Direction générale de l’éducation, de la jeunesse, du sport et de la culture, Working group on schools (2021-25) “pathways to school success” : blended learning for inclusion : exploring challenges and enabling factors : key messages and illustrative examples, Office des publications de l’Union européenne, 2023,


Document type
  • Report


Publication Year


Geographical focus
  • Europe
Scientifc field / Thematic focus
  • General
  • Social Sciences

Entry created by Admin on January 25, 2023
Modified on February 28, 2023