Triple Helix Innovation Model: Linking the Academia, the Business Sector and the Government, Case Study of Macedonia

Innovation has become a key factor to sustainable growth and knowledge economy creation, having impact on the national competitiveness in the regional and global economy. Innovation systems in small, landlocked developing countries are, inherently problematic, characterized by poor business and governance conditions, low educational levels and meritocratic infrastructure. This raises particular challenges for introducing structured innovative models in small developing countries such as Macedonia. The aim of this paper is to touch upon certain anomalies of the Macedonian innovation system and, at the same time, to entice the much needed debate on the triple helix innovation system formation in Macedonia.

Document type
  • Agreement/Law
  • Policy/Strategy
  • Practical Advice/Guide
  • Report


Publication Year


Republic of North Macedonia
Mirjana Todorovska, Bratislav Stankovic
Geographical focus
  • Republic of North Macedonia
  • Western Balkans
Scientifc field / Thematic focus
  • Cross-thematic/Interdisciplinary
  • Social Sciences

Entry created by Bratislav Stankovic on May 23, 2012
Modified on June 10, 2012