This is the third Kvinna till Kvinna Gender Analysis of EC Country Reports for the Western Balkans. The aim is to show progress year on year in the gender-mainstreaming of the Country Reports and attempt to identify areas where a gender perspective can be further strengthened across different chapters of the reports, beyond the fundamental rights section and the Chapter on Social Policy and Employment. This year, the report also includes country-specific recommendations on priorities to be addressed in the 2021 Country Reports. The criteria used for the assessment are the same to ensure consistency in the methodology. The starting point were the instructions included in the Guidance Note developed by DG NEAR for the implementation of the GAP II which provide details about the key components of a gender analysis. We argue that the same components should be included in the EC Country Reports although adapted to the nature of the documents which is not that of an internal gender analyses but rather of external documents of both technical and political nature.


Based on the key components of a gender analysis suggested by the Guidance Note of DG NEAR for the GAP II, seven criteria were developed to capture the extent to which EC Country Reports are informed by gender analyses and evidence. The selection of criteria is further inspired by the vision, role and mission of the Kvinna till Kvinna Foundation which is that of supporting women's rights organisations in fragile, conflict and postconflict settings. Hence, the criteria include a strong focus on women and women's organisations.

1. Attention to gender equality (legislation, mechanisms and implementation) including potential barriers to achieving it (social norms, legislative, institutional barriers etc.)

2. Inclusion of key statistics on the situation of women, men, girls and boys

3. Attention to all forms of gender-based violence (including in war crime cases)

4. Intersectionality7 including reference to Roma women, women refugees and IDPs, women with different abilities

5. Reference to roles and challenges of women's organisations

6. Account of women's roles in peacebuilding, dealing with the past and reconciliation

7. Integration of gender into sections other than the fundamental rights section (i.e. Public administration, Rule of Law, Economic section)

Document type
  • Discussion paper


Publication Year


Geographical focus
  • Albania
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Kosovo*
  • Montenegro
  • Republic of North Macedonia
  • Serbia
  • Western Balkans
Scientifc field / Thematic focus
  • Cross-thematic/Interdisciplinary

Entry created by Admin on March 22, 2021
Modified on March 22, 2021