In Europe today road transport is responsible for 40% of carbon dioxide, while urban traffic is responsible for 70% of other pollutants in our environment. In recent years many visionaries and even policymakers have dreamt of creating societies where transport is green, safe and sustainable, but more often than not these dreams have remained on pen and paper. CIVITAS however has brought a breath of fresh air in this respect, introducing change to over 200 European cities towards greener transport under one dynamic and very active network.

The word CIVITAS was coined by joining three key components of a modern European society, namely City, Vitality and Sustainability. The initiative was launched in 2002 to redefine transport measures and policies in order to create cleaner, better transport in cities.

More specifically, CIVITAS has helped introduce numerous innovations and measures that have already made transport more eco-friendly in over 60 European metropolitan areas dubbed 'demonstration cities'. Thanks to an EU-funded investment of well over EUR 200 million, the project has guided cities to introduce improvements in four phases of the project, each building on previous successes. Examples include a public transport ticketing system in Tallinn, Estonia, a 100% clean bus fleet in Toulouse, France, waterborne goods transport in Bremen, Germany and a new traffic control system in Bologna, Italy.

Indeed, over the last ten years CIVITAS has managed to test over 800 measures and urban transport solutions, supported by the intensive exchange of good practices in the field. The project empowered citizens to convince politicians on adopting these innovations, upgrading the quality and sustainability of urban transport for numerous European cities.

This exciting project runs until 2016, opening a myriad of opportunities for other cities to follow suit. If you would like to contribute to this ambitious vision, you can get your city to join CIVITAS and build its own greener future with our support. As European citizens, the power to bring about positive change in the urban transport sector is in our hands. Let's build a better Europe together!

  • CIVITAS I 2002-2006
  • CIVITAS II 2005-2009
  • CIVITAS Plus 2008-2012
  • CIVITAS Plus II 2012-2016

FYR of Macedonia

In the light of the current transport situation, Macedonia’s capital has joined CIVITAS RENAISSANCE to benefit from the know-how and best practice of other CIVITAS cities. Skopje is working on a strategy for the development of a sustainable urban transport system with a particular focus on the development of public transport. The quality of the service will be improved through real-time passenger information, and smart ticketing solutions based on an integrated fare system for all public transport services. The public transport fleet will be renewed and converted from diesel to compressed natural gas (CNG) and electric vehicles to reduce pollution.  Additionally, light rail transit will be introduced for a faster and more sustainable service with greater capacity.


Evaluation: Nikola Krstanovski
Dissemination: Mirjana Apostolova
Site management: Lovren Markic

Source an further information:

Project type
  • Other
Country of the coordinating institution
Republic of North Macedonia
Geographical focus
  • Europe
  • International; Other
  • Republic of North Macedonia
Scientifc field / Thematic focus
  • Cross-thematic/Interdisciplinary
September 2002 - April 2016

Entry created by Ivan Zupan on April 28, 2014
Modified on January 26, 2016