Study on climate change in the Western Balkans

The Regional Cooperation Council (RCC) published this study  that aims to support the Western Balkans (WB) region in creating its sustainable development cycle coordinated by the priorities of the WB economies, wich is in compliance with global and EU responsibilities, releasing some burden of extensive work expected from each economy to implement. It provides quantitative data for implementation of the South East Europe 2020 Strategy, decision-making process and supports further advance in the work of the Regional Working Group on Environment. In addition to its initial motive, the Study analyses and outlines the issues of cross-border dependence, which require WB coordinated approach. Results obtained during this Study are beyond the presented conclusions, and hopefully will find purpose in further detail assessments of more specific issues related to future planning.

Regional Cooperation Council (RCC) published a Study on climate change in the Western Balkans, showing alarming increase of temperature over the whole territory, with observed temperature increase of 1.2ºC in the near future, destined to warm further by 1.7 – 4.0°C and even exceeding 5.0°C by the end of the century, depending on the global effort in greenhouse gasses (GHG) emission reduction.

Overall, analyses of the climate change in the region recognise that human health, safety and life quality are highly vulnerable to natural hazards and sectorial weather related losses, while also identifying sectors that will experience the biggest impacts: 

• Agriculture (food quality decrease, land erosion and degradation, etc.);

• Forestry (high risk of widespread forest degradation, disappearance of present taxa, etc.); 

• Water resources (deficiency in drinking water, etc.); and

• Human health (increase of heat waves, intrusion of new vector-borne diseases, etc.) 

Furthermore, information on climate change in the Western Balkans (WB) region presents “intrusion of sub-tropical climate further to the north, leaving coastal and southern areas very hot and dry during the summer season, which is expected to have prolonged duration by one to two months increasingly, from near future to the end of the century”.

According to the RCC’s public and business opinion survey, Balkan Barometer 2017, 73% of people in the region perceive climate changes as a problem. To that regard the upward trend recorded in 2015 continues, with 77% of companies in the region saying they have taken some measure or action to reduce their harmful impact to environment, while 21% admits they do nothing to mitigate their risk to the environment. 

The Study issues a set of recommendations to reduce burden on a single WB economy in resolving climate change related issues, in particular given the lack of human resources and other capacities, through enhancement and focusing on regional cooperation. 

As candidates and potential candidates for the accession to the European Union (EU) all Western Balkan (WB) economies are motivated to respect the Paris Agreement and to achieve EU2020 and EU2030 goals in Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission reduction as well as to increase energy efficiency and energy production from renewable sources. To that end, WB economies have identified priorities in adapting to climate change and mitigating its impacts and continue working with RCC on addressing the climate change and environmental issues through the Regional Working Group on Environment (RWG Env).  

The Study is a part of RCC activities in the implementation of South East Europe 2020 growth strategy (SEE 2020) within the framework of the RWG Env. 

RCC-lead Regional Working Group on Environment is an intergovernmental platform aimed at coordinating important regional initiatives and projects in the area of environment and climate change. It works with line ministries, representatives from various regional and international organizations, projects, environment agencies, partner organizations from the region and the EU. The RWG Env coordinates activities related to three main regional projects addressing climate proofing of transport infrastructure, water-energy-food-ecosystem nexus and biodiversity.


Document type
  • Research paper


Publication Year


Geographical focus
  • Western Balkans
Scientifc field / Thematic focus
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Natural Sciences

Entry created by Admin on June 7, 2018
Modified on June 7, 2018